10 Tips you should know about “Watch Window” While debugging in Visual Studio

Watch windows is one of most commonly used debugging tool with Visual Studio. We generally used to explore the objects, values, properties and other nested objects as a tree structure. Most of the time we used watch window to only view the values or change the current object properties values to see the effects of changed object during debugging. But we can use watch windows for many different  purposes. In this blog post I am going to show 10 Tips, that may help you while dealing with Watch Window. 

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How to track an object which is Out of Scope while Debugging ?

In Mastering in Visual Studio 2010 Debugging article I have discussed about the basic of Object ID creation while debugging. I received some request from some readers to explain the use of “Make Object ID” in details. In this blog post I am going explain how we can track an Object which is already out of scope using by creating a Object ID while debugging.

By using “Make Object ID” option we are informing Visual Studio Debugger to keep track of that object no matter it’s within scope or out of scope for the current context.  We can create “Object ID” either from Locals, Autos or from Watch Windows. Object ID is a integer number followed by a pound (#) sign. When we create Object ID for an particular object, Visual Studio Debugger ( CLR Debugging Services )  use an integer value to uniquely identify the object. This “Object ID” allows you to get the object details even if it is out of scope.

Customize the Debugging Windows : Change Debugging Window View as per your requirements

In this blog post I am going to explain how you can customize the complete view of the debugging window during debugging of application. By complete view means, where you can add own Properties, can customize the result, manipulate the data, hide properties which may not need during debugging etc. In one of my previous blog post, I have explained how we can customize the view of the debugging windows using DebuggerBrowseable and DebuggerDisplay attributes over Few Tips on Customizing Debugging Window View in Visual Studio . But, both these two attributes are limited to customize the view for a specific class and they can only show you the information for the particular class members . In this blog post you will see how we can create new view for some existing debugging view using “DebuggerTypeProxy” attributes. From the below snaps you can understand what kind of customization we can do inside a debugging window.

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How to remove Hyperlink from ASP.NET TreeView Control Nodes ?

ASP.NET Tree view control rendered as HTML Table – TR –TD  elements. Each of the node are been represented as hyperlinks. Some times you may not want that fields as hyperlink and you want to be those nodes should be represent as static text. Many of the developer did the same using  font style or css style change of the node, but it can be done very easily.  In this small blog  post I am going to describe how you can represent a tree view node as simple text instead of hyperlink.

This can be done very easily using Tree Nodes, SelectionAction properties. SelectionAction having 4 different values, they are.

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Select is the default option which marked node as hyperlinked and on selection of the node, it raised SelectedNodeChanged event.  For Expand Option, TreeNodeExpanded event will be raised while expanding the node. “SelectExpand” raised both the SelectedNodeChanged and  TreeNodeExpanded  events. Now if you don’t want to make the node as simple text, just change the SelectionAction properties to “None”.

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Tips on Debugging : Using DebuggerStepThrough attribute

In my few previous blog post I have explained  how we can customize the Debugging windows view during debugging of application using “DebuggerBrowseable “  attributes and “DebuggerDisplay” , then I have also explained use of “DubuggerHidden” attribute which tells the Visual Studio debugger that the method is hidden from the debugging process and while debugging. In this blog post I am going to explain one similar features of “DebuggerHidden” attributes, named “DebuggerStepThrough” 

Marking a piece of code using DebuggerStepThrough attribute tells the Visual Studio debugger that, the code block will be stepped over from debugging process. you can mark methods, properties with DebuggerStepThrough attributes where you don’t want to stop your code to break.

If there is any break point inside a code section which is marked as “DebuggerStepThrough” attributes, that code block will be marked as “[External code]” in stack Trace. Where as “Debugger hidden” attributes didn’t marked is External code.

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Color Indicator for Code Changes – Track Changes in Visual Studio 2010

Track Change” one of the best interesting features in visual studio which indicates the code changes with a color indicator at the beginning of the line.  Generally we know about the two color indicator  “Green” and “Yellow” which are used indicting the color change till VS 2008 along with those VS 2010 introduced another new color “Orange” which indicates some additional track change for undoing file after save. In this blog post I am going to explain how those color indicator helps developers to track the code changes.

In Visual Studio 2010, there is three color indicator

TrackChange_Green  Green color indicates the lines  which you have edited before your last save.  Save again the file and green mark will be disappear.

  TrackChange1

TrackChange_Yellow Yellow color indicates the lines which  you have edited since the  last save of that file.  Yellow becomes Green after saving of the file. Once you close the file that indication disappears.

 TrackChange2

TrackChange_Orange This color indication has newly introduced in VS 2010.  This color will come when  user does an undo after a save operation for that current file. Orange color indicates  that current changed line is different from the saved version of the file. 

 TrackChange3

Tips on Debugging : Using DebuggerHidden attribute

DubuggerHidden attribute tells the Visual Studio debugger that the method is hidden from the debugging process and while debugging. This is quite helpful when you don’t  want to go to stepping inside of a method while debugging.

When you mark a method with DebuggerHidden() attributes,  It’s explicitly tells the debugger not to step inside of that methods and no break point will be hit over that method. Now I am going to explain the same using a Example with Intellitrace debugging.

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Use “Obsolete” attributes to indicate Obsolete Methods

In this post I have explained how you can use Obsolete attributes to mark some methods which are not no longer in used or may be remove in future release of the class.  During the development cycle we may need to change the name or declaration  of certain methods which may be using by some other developers. In this case if you changed the name or declaration of that method, application may crash in different point of times as it’s being used by other developer in the application. In this case you can use System.ObsoleteAttributes  class to generate compiler warning and indicate the method as Obsolete.

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Few Tips on Customizing Debugging Window View in Visual Studio

In this post I am going to discuss about few tips on customizing debugging debugging windows. This may be very helpful during debugging of application. While debugging, you may want to simplify debug window or you may want to clean up all the unnecessary fields that are not important during debugging from debugging windows.  Here is few tips for customization of debug window. 

lightbulb Use DebuggerBrowsable attribute to customize the debugging windows

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lightbulb  Use DebuggerDisplay attribute to customize the debugging display.

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To use above attributes you have to use System.Diagnostics namesapce

How to suppress compiler warning using #pragma warning directives in Visual Studio

Sometimes during development you may need to avoid the unnecessary compiler warnings to show in warning window. Though it’s not recommended to suppress the warning explicitly, but during some debugging and analysis of code you may want to hide them for time being. In this post I have explained how you can hide the unwanted warning explicitly by specifying the warning number.

To suppress the warning you need to use #pragma warning directives in your code. Below is the syntax for the same.

#pragma warning disable <warning-Numbers>

[Line of Code ]

Let’s consider you are having the below code block and you want to suppress the warning messages.

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If you are going to build the above code, you will find the below warning messages.

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How to set automatically focus on ASP.NET controls when validation fails ?

If you are using ASP.NET Validation Control then you can use “SetFocusOnError” properties to automatically focus the control if validation fails. This will help the end user to identify the control easily.

To set focus automatically you  have to set SetFocusOnError=”True”. By default it’s false. SetFocusOnError  of a validation control is associated with “ControlToValidate” properties. If the validation fails, focus will automatically  move to the control which is specified in ControlToValidate.

SetFocus

One of my favorite Visual Studio Shortcut- Very useful !

“Ctrl + .”  Or “ALT + SHIFT+F10” is one of my favorite shortcut in Visual Studio.   You can use the same shortcut for various situations as described in below.

1. Adding Namespaces Automatically / Resolve Namespaces.

2. Generate Method Stubs.

3. Implement Interface/ Abstract Class

4. Generate Automatic Class Files

5. Rename Member variables or Classes

Let’s start with one by one .

1. Adding Namespaces Automatically / Resolve Namespaces.

If you are adding a new class in your code, you may need to add the correspondence namespace. To do it, you may either manually type the Using Namespace, or you just right click on the class name and select Resolve > Namespace.  But using “Ctrl+.” you can automatically add the namespace in your code.

How to sort ASP.NET DropDownList based on DataValueField or DataTextField using LINQ?

Sorting ASP.NET Dropdown list is very common requirement for any of the web application development.  To Implement this features sometimes developers used to iterate through each and every item and create a sorted list of element then reassign the same source to dropdownlist or sort the element at source itself. But this thing can be done easily using LINQ. In this post I am going describe how you can sort a ASP.NET DropDownList based on either of DataTextField or DataValueField using LINQ and list of KeyValuePair elements as DataSource.

To start with the application, let’s consider you have following List of employee data as datasource of the DropDownList.

 /// <summary>
 /// Create List Of Employee
 /// </summary>
 List<KeyValuePair<int, string>> employees = new List<KeyValuePair<int, string>>
        {        new KeyValuePair<int,string>(1,"Abhijit"),
                  new KeyValuePair<int,string>(2,"Rahul"),
                  new KeyValuePair<int,string>(3,"Kunal"),
                  new KeyValuePair<int,string>(4,"Atul"),
                 new KeyValuePair<int,string>(5,"Abhishek"),
        };
 

In the employee list collection, you have added KeyValuePair for each element, where Key is employee ID and Value is the employee name.  The most interesting part of using KeyValuePair is you can bind either of Key or Value with the DropDownList as per your requirement

Now let’s bind the DropDownList with the DataSource

How to pass external values with GridView HyperLinkField which are not part of your Gridview DataSource member ?

Few days back I have published an article “How to pass multiple values using GridView HyperLinkField ?”,  where I have explained how you can pass multiple parameter with Gridview HyperLinkField using DataNavigationUrlField and  DataNavigateUrlFormatString properties. In this post, I am going to explain how you can pass some external values as parameters with the same hyperlink field.

DataNavigationUrlField use only those  fields as parameter which are the part of GridView DataSource. Now the problem comes when you want to pass some other variables as parameter which are not part of the DataSource.  As shown in below image we are passing EmpID and ParentId as argument and this two field are the data member of GridView DataSource.

GridField

Now Say, You want pass ChildID for that particular record along with ParentID and EmpID and you want hyperlink url should be like “Default.aspx?EmpID=1&ParentID=P1&ChildID=C1”where ChildID is not part of datasource.

You can achieve  this by writing code in code behind for the particular GridView. There is two events where you can overwrite the navigation url of that hyperlink field. You can use  Gridview_RowDataBound or Gridview_PreRender for the same.